Problems and Countermeasures in the development of

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Problems and Countermeasures in the development of corrugated box packaging in Guangdong Province (1)

recently, the packaging industry has risen to 14 among the 40 major industries in the national economy, with an output value of 200 billion yuan, accounting for 4% of the total social and economic output value. The packaging industry undertakes the important task of packaging more than 300 billion yuan of industrial and agricultural products and more than 100 billion US dollars of export commodities in the country every year, and plays an important role in the national economy

I. overview of the development of corrugated box packaging at home and abroad

corrugated boxes have mechanical properties such as light weight, compression resistance, puncture resistance, tear resistance and cushioning, shock resistance, easy processing and molding, as well as good decoration and printing adaptability, recycling and reuse, and no pollution to the environment; It is economical, light and easy to stack, so the wider its scope of use, the faster its development speed. At present, corrugated box has become the most widely used packaging container for modern packaging towels, and it is also one of the most important packaging forms adopted by countries all over the world. In China, the output value of packaging paper products accounts for 40% of the total output value of packaging industry, accounting for more than 45% in economically developed countries. The output value of corrugated boxes accounts for more than 60% of the total output value of paper packaging products

1. Current situation of corrugated board production in the world

as corrugated board is an important paper, it accelerates the upgrading of plastic granulator technology, and the world's corrugated board output has increased year by year since 1995. The output of corrugated board was 110.403 billion square meters in 1995 and 125.285 billion square meters in 2000

in 2000, the corrugated board output of all continents in the world was as follows: North America ranked first with 52.457 billion square meters, accounting for 34% of the world total; Asia ranks second with 39.037 billion square meters, accounting for 31.2% of the world, and Europe ranks third with 34.173 billion square meters, 27.3% of the world; The fourth place in central and South America is 6.506 billion square meters, accounting for 5% of the world. Most enterprises have accepted biomaterials. The price of 40d products is about 48000 (4) 9000 yuan per ton; Africa ranks fifth at 16.40, when flexible packaging gradually becomes the protagonist of food packaging materials, accounting for 1.3% of the world; Oceania ranks 6th 13? 300million square meters, accounting for 1.1% of the world

2. Current situation of corrugated board production in China

corrugated box packaging in China started relatively late. Corrugated boxes were only popularized in 1954, 40 years later than Japan and more than 60 years later than the United States. At the same time, the starting point of technology is low. At the beginning, the single machine of Japan in the 1930s was used, and the processes were all manually connected, without flow operation

since the reform and opening up, corrugated box packaging in China has developed rapidly, and the growth rate is the highest among the major producing countries. The output was 7.4 billion square meters in 1995 and 12.3 billion square meters in 2000. In 2000, there were only three countries with corrugated board production of more than 10billion square meters, namely the United States of America 34.173 billion square meters, Japan 13.458 billion square meters and China 12.3 billion square meters. Since 1995, China's corrugated board production has always ranked third in the world, second only to the United States and Japan. In 2002, the production of corrugated board in China has reached 20billion square meters, and its production capacity has reached 23billion square meters. It has surpassed Japan, second only to the United States, and jumped to the second place in the world

II. Current situation of corrugated box packaging development in Guangdong

1. Overview of corrugated box packaging development in Guangdong

25 years of reform and opening up, Guangdong corrugated box industry has gradually formed a complete and reasonable industrial system, and its corrugated box enterprises, small corrugated board production lines and high output value rank first in all provinces and cities in China. There are more than 3000 corrugated box manufacturers in Guangdong, most of which are located in the Pearl River Delta. For example, there are nearly 1000 in Dongguan and more than 300 in Shenzhen. There are more than 600 corrugated box production lines, of which advanced equipment imported from abroad accounts for more than 20%; The output of corrugated boxes is nearly 4million tons, and the output value is about 18billion yuan

2. The development process of corrugated box packaging in Guangdong

Guangdong took the lead in reform and opening up. With the development of the national economy, the expansion of foreign trade and the improvement of people's living standards, the corrugated box industry has developed rapidly, and its development process can be divided into four stages:

the first stage is the slow development stage (from the early liberation to the late 1970s). During this period, the corrugated box industry in Guangdong was very backward. Many products are packed in gunny bags, earthen cans, wooden cases, paper bags and iron drums, and only a few export commodities are packed in cartons or plastic bags. Under the planned economic system, the number of commodities is small, so there are few paper products packaging factories, especially corrugated box factories, and the level of technical equipment is very low, almost all of them are small enterprises. The plant is simple, the equipment is old, the process is backward, the production is carried out by single machine, the manual operation, the production conditions are poor, the labor intensity is high, the personnel quality is low, and the output is small. The annual output of the enterprise is generally only hundreds of thousands of square meters. In addition to a small amount of imported paper used for packaging cartons for export goods, most of the production paper of enterprises use domestic paper. Its raw materials are mainly straw pulp and waste pulp. The product quality is poor, the variety is single, and almost all of them are monochrome

the second stage is the stage of rapid development (1980s). During this period, Guangdong took the lead in reform and opening up, and its economy developed rapidly, which promoted the rapid development of corrugated box industry supporting products. The large number of "foreign-funded" enterprises and the influx of foreign goods have made people pay attention to packaging. In order to match the export products and the products of "three foreign funded" enterprises, some small-scale packaging enterprises have been established, and foreign businessmen have also invested and set up factories in Guangdong. Due to the opening-up policy of the special economic zones, Shenzhen and other special economic zones took the lead in attracting a large number of Hong Kong and Taiwan carton enterprises to move in. The carton industry in Shenzhen has formed a pattern in which Hong Kong funded enterprises account for 60%, joint ventures account for 20%, and other state-owned and collective or private enterprises account for 20%. In addition, with the introduction of a large number of advanced corrugated board production lines, carton enterprises occupy an important position in the special zone, and are at the forefront of the carton industry in terms of technology, quality, product grade and so on

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