Current situation and development trend of printin

2022-07-28
  • Detail

The current situation and development trend of China's printing machinery standards in recent years, great changes have taken place in the national standardization system. The National Standardization Management Committee (hereinafter referred to as "the National Standardization Committee") and relevant organizations have been established one after another, and the industry standardization committee has also been reviewed, reconfirmed and replaced in succession. After more than half a year's review, the National Technical Committee for standardization of printing machinery (hereinafter referred to as "the Standardization Committee") formally approved the formation of the third National Technical Committee for standardization of printing machinery in December2003, reviewed, confirmed and issued member certificates to the members of the Standardization Committee. The standardization committee also adjusted and reviewed the list of correspondents in accordance with the articles of association and relevant regulations. At the general meeting in September2004, on behalf of the National Standardization Committee, formal letters of appointment were issued to the chairman, vice chairmen, members and consultants of the Standardization Committee. The members and correspondents of the standardization committee will undertake the important task of promoting the technological progress and improving the quality of the printing machinery industry, and also undertake the important task of integrating the printing machinery products of Chinese enterprises with the world through the formulation of standards

current situation of standardization system

in today's global economic integration, the standardization work is becoming more and more important. The international standardization work has formed three standard systems: the international organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITV). In addition, there are 25 standardization organizations recognized by ISO. ISO has 186 technical committees and has formulated 13544 international standards. Among them, TC130 Printing Technical Committee has set up 7 working groups, which are respectively responsible for 7 aspects of standards, such as terminology standards and printing process control. Among them, the fifth working group is responsible for the formulation of ergonomics safety standards. Now, two safety standards for printing machinery have been issued

China's standardization work is led by the National Standardization Management Committee, which has 260 standardization technical committees. Among them, there are four committees involved in the classification of printing technology, namely, the National Printing Machinery Standardization Technical Committee, the National Printing Standardization Technical Committee, the national copier Standardization Technical Committee and the national packaging standardization Technical Committee

review of the work of the Standardization Committee

the standardization of printing machinery was originally under the jurisdiction of Beijing Printing Machinery Research Institute, which set up a special office to take charge of the research, preparation and revision of standardization. During this period, 44 printing machinery standards were formulated successively, which initially established the standardization system of printing machinery and promoted the development of printing machinery industry

in 1992, with the approval of the State Bureau of technical supervision, the Standardization Committee was composed of 22 members and 3 consultants recommended by the Ministry of machinery, the publication administration, the Light Industry Federation, the economic and other departments. It is a technical organization engaged in national standardization work in the field of prepress, printing and post press reprocessing, as well as mechanical equipment related to this process, and is responsible for the centralized work of standardization technology in the field of printing machinery. Entrusted by the National Standardization Administration Committee, the standardization committee is under the leadership and management of the National Machinery Industry Federation

after the establishment of the Standardization Committee, according to the articles of association and other relevant provisions, a number of enterprises and institutions related to the printing machinery profession voluntarily applied for the record with the consent of the Standardization Committee and became the communication members of the Standardization Committee. They were invited to attend the meeting of the Standardization Committee as nonvoting delegates, express their opinions and suggestions, and obtain the information and documents of the Standardization Committee. The communication committee members have injected vitality into the Standardization Committee and improved their own quality of standardization work

over the years, with the strong support of enterprises, relevant functional departments, members and communication members, the Standardization Committee has overcome various difficulties, effectively promoted the standardization process of the printing machinery industry, completed the scheduled tasks and achieved gratifying results, creating a situation for the printing machinery industry to steadily improve product quality, participate in market competition at home and abroad and enhance enterprise benefits, The Standardization Committee has played a great role in the standardization of the printing machinery industry

the Standardization Committee strictly abides by the relevant national guidelines and policies, and continuously improves the professional standard system of printing machinery in accordance with the principle of making and revising national standards and the policy of adopting international standards and foreign advanced standards. Put forward the plan of professional system of printing machinery, revision of national and industrial standards and establishment of annual plan. At the same time, according to the plan approved by the General Administration of technical supervision, inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China and the Machinery Industry Federation, it organized the preparation, revision and review of national and industrial standards for printing machinery, and carried out publicity, consultation and technical services of national and industrial standards in various forms, which effectively promoted the implementation of the standards

the second Standardization Committee was established in April, 1999. It consists of 38 members and two consultants. 24 members have senior titles, accounting for 64% of the total. The committee members are mainly scientific and technological personnel in production, use, scientific research, circulation and other aspects. Thanks to the hard work of the leadership of the Standardization Committee, the Secretariat, all the members and correspondents, the Secretariat has completed all the work well, and made due contributions to the quality control of printing machinery products, although the staff of the Secretariat has changed greatly. During this period, the standardization committee not only established the standardization system of printing machinery, but also cooperated with the quality supervision department to formulate a number of product quality grading regulations, successively formulated and revised more than 20 industry standards and formulated 27 product grading regulations, which effectively promoted the quality work of products

1. preparation, revision and cleaning up of standards

after the establishment of the third Standardization Committee, the following standardization work has been completed successively

① according to the relevant commitments of the WTO and the needs of the development of market economy, as well as the needs of new products of domestic printing machinery, and in cooperation with the requirements of the national quality supervision department, nine new standards have been formulated successively, including form machine, box gluing machine, small lithographic printer, flexographic printer, flat silk printer (including two parts), paper feeder, sheet fed gravure printer and aluminum alloy frame for silk printing. According to the implementation of the standards and the collected suggestions, the revision of all standards except for more than ten standards, such as roll plastic film printing machine and trademark die-cutting machine, has been completed

② in 2003, with the support of key enterprises, the Standardization Committee began the translation and transformation of international printing machinery safety standards, and made great progress, including printing technology - Safety requirements for post press binding and finished product processing systems and equipment, and printing technology - Safety requirements for printing machine systems. These two standards have completed the comment stage, and strive to submit the draft for approval in 2007

③ under the planned economy, the standardization committee is also responsible for the formulation of the quality grading regulations for printing machinery products and the quality grading evaluation of printing machinery products, that is, the evaluation of qualified products, first-class products and excellent products. After entering the development track of market economy, the national quality management department will no longer carry out quality grading evaluation, and strictly control such quality evaluation activities with government behavior. According to this requirement, the Standardization Committee has abolished 27 grading standards

the State Economic and Trade Commission has successively published three batches of catalogue of "eliminating backward production capacity, process and equipment", involving the elimination of dozens of backward printing machinery and equipment. Through research, the Standardization Committee has successively eliminated more than 10 backward standards

2. strengthen the industry standardization service work

① since the reform and opening up, the number of printing machinery manufacturing enterprises has increased rapidly, and the product varieties are also increasing. The Secretariat of the Standardization Committee actively and enthusiastically provides standardized technical services for the industry. Often provide product standard documents to enterprises, especially new enterprises, and answer various standardization consultations proposed by enterprises, so that industry standards can be implemented. In order to meet the requirements of enterprises, assist in formulating enterprise standards, promote standardization in enterprise management and product manufacturing, organize enterprise standardization personnel to actively participate in various training courses and seminars sponsored by standardization organizations, systematically learn the new standardization preparation standards newly issued by the state and in line with international standardization organizations, and implement them in standard formulation and revision

② to publicize the national product quality and standardization policy. Exchange and publicize standardization laws, regulations and information, promote the implementation and implementation of new standards for printing machine products, and continue to publish and issue the magazine "standardization of printing machinery" on a quarterly basis, achieving good publicity and exchange results

3. complete the standardization transformation work

① change the concept of standardization work

during the term of office of the second Standardization Committee, we will face the deepening of market economy. The reform of state-owned enterprises and the replacement of new and old authors of standardization. With the adjustment and reform of the standardization system, the working environment of the Standardization Committee has undergone major changes. The original management mode of state investment under the planned economy system has been transformed into the industry independent management mode. The industry standardization committee will no longer formulate industry mandatory product standards. Industrial product standards are all recommended standards, which greatly weakens the binding force of the legislative function of the Standardization Committee. The activity funds of the Standardization Committee have been changed from partial national support to industrial support. Under such difficult circumstances, the standardization committee works actively by changing its ideas. Giving full play to the role of committee members and correspondents not only survives, but also provides effective standardized services for the industry

② establish the third Standardization Committee

the printing machinery industry is a small industry in the machinery industry, with an annual sales volume of about 10billion yuan. The Machinery Industry Federation is in the process of approval. It is intended to centralize small industries and carry out management and standard formulation in the form of sub standard committee. Another reason is that the printing technology standardization committee was established according to the structure of ISO international standardization organization. The printing machinery standardization committee became his sub Standardization Committee. After many consultations with the machinery industry federation by the relevant leaders of the Standardization Committee, it was finally in December 2003. Approved the establishment of the third National Printing Machinery Standardization Technical Committee

③ strengthened the collaboration with the National Printing Standardization Technical Committee

the second Standardization Committee strengthened the collaboration with the Printing Standardization Committee. Through the Printing Standardization Committee, we learned about the progress of ISO in the standardization of printing machinery, opening a channel for the equivalent adoption of international standards. At the same time, in order to understand the implementation of standardization in the printing industry, it has created favorable conditions for printing machinery products to better meet the requirements of users

standardization tasks

1. Actively adopt international standards

with the development of China's national economy, standardized working environment. Major changes have taken place in the direction, means and procedures of work. In order to integrate our economy with the world economy, adopting international advanced standards is a major national policy to improve product quality. It is also a powerful measure to break through the technical barriers set up by economically developed countries. It is one of the key tasks of the standardization committee to actively adopt the international printing machinery standards. At present, with the support of enterprises, it is a directional work to organize the translation of the safety standards for post press, paper processing equipment and printing equipment formulated by the international organization for standardization. The implementation of this national mandatory standard will have a far-reaching impact on the safety performance of printing machine products manufactured by enterprises. This safety specification is implemented from the beginning of design. It will greatly shorten the time period for products to enter western developed countries. In the past, our printing products were imported into the markets of western developed countries. Generally, design → trial production → user verification → design modification → small batch → domestic sales → CE certification → design modification → CE repeated review → export. And direct

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI